Leah Beeferman

Monitoring the architecture of science: a studious, imaginative investigation of space-bound and land-based far-traveling and distant-looking orbiting and non-orbiting structures

an ongoing weekly project distributed by e-mail running from February 2009 to February 2010.

2 February 2010

NASA announces twenty-four hour-long potential launch windows for its new Solar Dynamics Observatory – a spacecraft designed to study the sun’s atmosphere simultaneously over a range of wavelengths in “small scales of space and time”


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #52 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in atmosphere, brightness, light, observation, satellite, searching, small scale, solar, sun, wavelength with no comments


26 January 2010

Public weather data analyzed by NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) – collected from thousands of meteorological stations worldwide, satellite measurements of sea surface temperature, and Antarctic research station data – shows 2009 to be the second warmest year yet recorded


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #51 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in antarctic, earth, global warming, heat, observation, ocean, software, teamwork, temperature, weather with no comments


19 January 2010

Using its new infrared-sensitive Wide Field Camera 3, NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope documents a patch of southern sky and records images of the earliest and most distant galaxies ever seen


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #50 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in brightness, distance, galaxy, infrared, light, searching, telescope, time, unseen with no comments


12 January 2010

NASA’s Kepler telescope has located five new Jupiter-sized exoplanets – named Kepler 4B, 5B, 6B, 7B and 8B – which orbit their respective stars once every 3.2, 3.5, 3.2, 4.9 and 3.5 Earth days; also found are two “hot companions,” mysterious objects each circling its own star and measuring temperatures of 26,000ºF


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #49 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in brightness, circle, explosion, heat, jupiter, massive, orbit, satellite, searching, stars, telescope, temperature, unseen with 1 comment


5 January 2010

NASA’s Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor Satellite (ACRIMSAT) enters its tenth year of monitoring the amount of solar energy reaching the Earth, discovering ties to global warming


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #48 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in earth, global warming, irradiance, ocean, satellite, solar energy, sun, temperature with no comments


29 December 2009

On December 29, 2009, NASA plans to “pop off” the lens cap on its Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) spacecraft, currently covering the mechanisms keeping the craft cold – including its coldest detector, now at an internal temperature of less than -447º F


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #47 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in heat, high-resolution, imaging, infrared, invisibilty, map, pixels, radiation, satellite, unseen with no comments


22 December 2009

The Suzaku orbiting x-ray observatory has detected the largest mass of heavy elements – chromium and manganese – yet found outside the Milky Way while observing the central region of the Persius cluster


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #46 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in atoms, chromium, energy, heavy elements, manganese, milky way, observation, orbit, persius cluster, ultra-massive, wavelength, x-ray with no comments


15 December 2009

On Tuesday December 8, 2009, the Large Hadron Collider produced the highest energy particle collisions ever achieved inside a laboratory


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #45 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in collision, earth, energy, laboratory, large hadron collider, mimicry, particle accelerator, time with no comments


8 December 2009

As of November 17, 2009, the European Space Agency’s Planck satellite has completed 60 percent of its first of two all-sky surveys


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #44 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in all-sky, continuous, map, rotate, satellite, survey with no comments


1 December 2009

After recording no “targets” in its observation log on November 24 and 25, the European Space Agency’s Herschel Space Observatory records nine targets on November 26 and seven targets on November 27 and 28


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #43 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in galaxy, log, observation, stars, targets with no comments


24 November 2009

The Cassini spacecraft, orbiting within the Saturn system since 2004, took images in July 2009 revealing significant periodical brightness variation in the planet’s rings; these variations, potentially caused by a collision with comet or asteroid in the 1980s, are characterized by “rippled” or “corrugated” areas that extend for up to 11,000 miles


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #42 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in asteroid, brightness, comet, illumination-geometry, imaging, light, rings, satellite, saturn, searching, seasons, sun with no comments


17 November 2009

On November 13, 2009, the European Space Agency’s Rosetta spacecraft made its third and final swing-by of Earth, using Earth’s gravity to propel it towards its future destinations: a “close encounter” with asteroid 21 Lutetia in July 2010 and its approach to – and landing on – the 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko comet in mid-2014


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #41 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in asteroid, comet, comet-landing, gravity, orbit, satellite, swing-by with no comments


10 November 2009

NASA’s Mars Reconaissance Orbiter’s High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HIGHRISE) has captured images of the Phoenix lander on Mars’ northern plains, where it has endured a year of wintry conditions and is currently covered in carbon dioxide frost


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #40 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in co2, frost, high-resolution, imaging, mars, mars-landings, orbit, seasons, winter with 1 comment


3 November 2009

Having completed its 43-day stay after successfully docking to deliver 5475 pounds of food, computers, science experiments and related items, Japan’s H-2 Transfer Vehicle (HTV) left the International Space Station (ISS) on Friday, October 30; the bus-sized craft, now carrying 1600 pounds of trash from the ISS, is due to burn up in the Earth’s atmosphere


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #39 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in atmosphere, ionosphere, japan, ocean, re-entry, space-station, thermosphere, trash with no comments


27 October 2009

In the past week, NASA has begun the process of relocating TDRS-1 – a newly retired 25+ year-old tracking and communications satellite – from its geosynchronous orbit to an orbit 300km (136mi) higher, one referred to as “supersynchronous orbit” and “graveyard orbit”


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #38 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in communication, graveyard-orbit, ocean, orbit, retired, satellite, south-pole with no comments


20 October 2009

NASA’s interstellar boundary explorer (IBEX) has recently completed the first all-sky map of the heliosphere – a huge “bubble” of magnetism surrounding the solar system – which reveals a previously unknown bright “ribbon”, glowing not from light but from its source particles


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #37 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in heliosphere, imaging, magnetism, map, satellite, solar-wind, sun with no comments


13 October 2009

On October 12, 2009, NASA launches Operation Ice Bridge, a 158-foot long DC-8 airplane laboratory containing instruments to map changes in sea ice and ice sheets during up to 17 flights over Western Antarctica, the Antarctic Peninsula, and Coastal areas; its data will also provide insight into the shape of the terrain below the ice, something not easily observable by satellites in orbit


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #36 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in airplane, antarctic, distance, earth, glaciers, ice, imaging, teamwork, water with no comments


6 October 2009

NASA is developing the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) – a new instrument to be launched and attached to the International Space Station in 2010 – to probe the universe for antimatter galaxies, test theories of dark matter, and search for strangelets: a theoretical, ultra-massive form of matter


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #35 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in antimatter-galaxy, dark-matter, space-station, spectrography, strangelets, theory, ultra-massive with 1 comment


29 September 2009

Observations made by NASA’s Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3) on the Indian Space Research Organization’s Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft showing the presence of water molecules in the polar regions of the moon have been confirmed by two other spacecraft, NASA’s Cassini and Epoxi; while the amounts of water were larger than predicted, levels are still extremely small


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #34 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in imaging, moon, observation, satellite, spectrography, teamwork, water with no comments


22 September 2009

Collaborative data collection by the Centre Nationale D’Etudes Spatiales’ (CNES) COROT satellite and the High Accuracy Radial Velocity Planet Searcher (HARPS) spectrograph at the La Silva Observatory in Chile suggests the size and speed of Corot 7B, the fastest-orbiting known exoplanet


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #33 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in circle, communication, distance, exoplanet, orbit, satellite, searching, spectrography, stars, teamwork, telescope with no comments


15 September 2009

In an attempt to understand magnetic reconnection – crossing and colliding lines of magnetic force producing massive explosions of kinetic energy – NASA will develop the Magnetospheric Multiscale Mission (MMS): four puck-shaped observatories to be launched into the magnetosphere in 2014


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #32 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in energy, explosion, magnet, magnetic-reconnection, magnetosphere, observation, power, teamwork with 1 comment


8 September 2009

Data collected using the Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) located in Hanford, Washington, USA and Livingston, Louisiana, USA and the Virgo Collaboration based in Cascina, Italy, suggests far fewer gravitational waves were produced by the Big Bang than once assumed


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #31 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in architecture, big-bang, communication, earth, gravitational-waves, interferometer, mirrors, observation, teamwork with no comments


1 September 2009

The Catalina Sky Survey (CSS) – three jointly-operated telescopes in Arizona, USA and Coonabarabran, Australia – will soon become the Catalina Real-Time Transient Survey (CRTS), a reorganization indicative of a shift in astronomy towards the search for objects that change on short timescales: for example, a star which dims by 7500% in just 10 minutes and fully recovers only 10 minutes later


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #30 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in architecture, brightness, chile, communication, earth, high-resolution, imaging, light, observation, searching, stars, teamwork, telescope with no comments


25 August 2009

On January 2, 2004, NASA’s Stardust spacecraft passed through the WILD-2 (pronounced VILT-2) comet and gathered samples of its dense gases and dust in a collection grid filled with Aerogel B and sent back to Earth in 2006 on a special capsule; in August 2009, scientists report finding glycine, an amino acid, among the samples brought home


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #29 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in aerogel, amino acid, comet, dust, earth, isotope, life, teamwork with no comments


18 August 2009

NASA’s Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS) is pulling a Centaur rocket set to collide with the moon to try and locate hints of lunar ice; this rocket, however, is lined with icicles collected from humid pre-launch air and frozen during launch, icicles which need to be melted before impact so as to not “pollute” findings with traces of Earth water


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #28 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in distance, foam, icicles, impact, lunar-landings, moon, navigation, physics, rocket, teamwork with no comments


11 August 2009

Mid-month data recording the mean orbital height of the International Space Station (ISS) shows the station to be considerably lower in altitude in July than after a January “re-boost”, a standard decline in altitude caused by fluctuating amounts of atmospheric drag


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #27 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in architecture, atmosphere, distance, drag, earth, orbit, space-station with no comments


4 August 2009

Wednesday, July 8, 2009 marked the end of repairs on and successful pressure testing of the Large Hadron Collider’s (LHC) sector 3-4; repairs in other sectors of the machine, however, will prevent overall restart and beam injection from happening until mid-November


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #26 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in architecture, circle, coolant, earth, energy, hardware, impact, large hadron collider, magnet, massive, orbit, particle accelerator, physics, power, repairs, teamwork, technical-errors, vacuum with no comments


28 July 2009

On Sunday, July 26, 2009, the Canberra (Australia) Deep Space Communication Complex – one of NASA’s three worldwide Deep Space Network (DSN) stations collectively providing continuous spacecraft monitoring – communicated with at least ten spacecraft using its four highly sensitive radio antennas


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #25 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in architecture, communication, deep-space-network, distance, earth, observation, orbit, radio-telescope, searching, teamwork with no comments


21 July 2009

With new software loaded onto a computer aboard the International Space Station, “Interplanetary Internet” becomes a reality – revolutionizing communication between Earth and instruments flying in space


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #24 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in communication, delay-tolerant-networking, distance, earth, internet, satellite, searching, software, space-station, teamwork, telescope with no comments


14 July 2009

Observations made with the European Space Agency’s XMM-Newton X-ray observatory suggest evidence of a new type of black hold residing on the outskirts of galaxy ESO 243-49 and weighing over 500 times the mass of the sun


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #23 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in black hole, distance, galaxy, high-resolution, imaging, massive, observation, power, searching, telescope, x-ray with no comments


7 July 2009

A GPS satellite, launched in March 2009, remains out of service due to technical problems: signal distortions that render navigation measurements slightly inaccurate and thus unreliable


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #22 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in civilian, earth, gps, hardware, military, navigation, orbit, satellite, surveillance, teamwork, technical-errors with no comments


30 June 2009

On June 29, 2009 at 11:45 GMT, one of NOAA’s eastern Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) documents the water vapor winds over the southern hemisphere – an ongoing image-taking process repeatedly performed every six hours


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #21 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in communication, database, earth, high-resolution, imaging, observation, orbit, satellite, weather with no comments


23 June 2009

The European Organisation for Astronomical Research (ESO) readies a new 2.5 ton instrument for its Very Large Telescope in northern Chile: the “X-Shooter”, a highly efficient spectrograph capable of recording a celestial object’s entire light spectrum in one single observation


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #20 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in architecture, brightness, chile, distance, high-resolution, light, observation, spectrography, spectrum, telescope, wavelength with no comments


16 June 2009

On June 17 2009, NASA plans to launch its Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO), a satellite programmed to maintain a polar orbit of the moon that will enable it to fly over dozens of past lunar landing sites – U.S. and Soviet, robotic and human – to investigate the effects of lunar time on the hardware left behind


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #19 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in apollo, hardware, high-resolution, imaging, lunar-landings, moon, observation, orbit, satellite, teamwork with no comments


9 June 2009

As of 3:11pm PST on May 15 2009, NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope has run out of coolant – the liquid helium keeping its instruments cool – and entered its next phase of exploration: the so-called ‘warm mission


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #18 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in coolant, distance, galaxy, helium, high-resolution, imaging, observation, satellite, searching, telescope with no comments


2 June 2009

Using its Moderate Resolution Spectrometer (MODIS), NASA’s AQUA satellite detects fluorescent red light emitted from Earth’s ocean photoplankton providing valuable data on the health of the oceans and the plant life within


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #17 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in earth, flourescent, light, observation, ocean, orbit, photoplankton, photosynthesis, satellite with 1 comment


26 May 2009

Cassini, NASA’s spacecraft orbiting and studying the Saturn System, makes a flyby of Titan – Saturn’s largest moon – on May 21 2009 to investigate Titan’s southern hemisphere dune field, referred to as ‘Shangri-La


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #16 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in communication, database, high-resolution, imaging, moon, observation, orbit, satellite, saturn, searching, telescope with no comments


19 May 2009

On May 16, 2009, the Hubble Space Telescope’s 800lb COSTAR corrective optics package – installed in orbit in 1993 to compensate for the spherical aberration in the telescope’s primary mirror – was removed and replaced with the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph (COS), an instrument designed to study interstellar medium, the space between stars, and the space between galaxies


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #15 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in brightness, communication, imaging, light, observation, orbit, satellite, searching, spectrography, stars, telescope with no comments


12 May 2009

NASA’s SWIFT satellite – a multi-wavelength space-based observatory making observations about gamma-ray burst (GRB) science – records the x-ray afterglow of an event called GRB090423, the most distant cosmic explosion ever seen


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #14 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in brightness, communication, definitions, distance, explosion, gamma-ray, observation, power, satellite, searching, stars, teamwork, telescope with no comments


5 May 2009

TACSAT3, an experimental tactical satellite designed by the US Military towards integrating low-cost space technology onto “tactical battlefields”, is set to launch around 8PM on Tuesday, May 5, from Pad 0B at the Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport on Wallops Island, Virginia


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #13 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in communication, earth, high-resolution, imaging, military, satellite, surveillance with no comments


28 April 2009

Drifting more than 4,461,000km from Earth and communicating with a round-trip light time of 29.7 seconds, the Kepler Space Telescope is turned on: it receives a 100 degree field of view containing 14 million stars, 100,000 of which are considered “ideal candidates” for Earth-sized planet-searching


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #12 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in brightness, communication, distance, earth, galaxy, high-resolution, imaging, observation, pixels, searching, stars, surveillance, telescope with no comments


21 April 2009

Through a series of images taken over a seven year time period, the Hubble Space Telescope tracks changes in the brightness of a beam of hot gas – called HST-1 – emerging from a black hole in elliptical galaxy M87


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #11 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in black hole, brightness, distance, galaxy, gas, imaging, observation, physics, power, telescope with no comments


14 April 2009

Locating the production sites of the industrial team responsible for designing and building the European Space Agency’s Herschel Space Observatory, the largest ever infrared space observatory at the time of its launch, May 6 2009, part 2 of 2


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #10 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in communication, distance, earth, energy, imaging, observation, orbit, physics, power, satellite, stars, sun, teamwork, telescope, twins with no comments


7 April 2009

Locating the production sites of the industrial team responsible for designing and building the European Space Agency’s Herschel Space Observatory, the largest ever infrared space observatory at the time of its launch later in 2009, part 1 of 2


mtaos9-web

Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #9 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in communication, distance, earth, observation, orbit, physics, power, satellite, stars, sun, teamwork, twins with no comments


31 March 2009

The Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) – a pair of nearly identical space-based observatories, one ahead of the earth in its orbit, the other behind – continues beyond its two year mission to observe and document the sun and its coronal mass ejections (CMEs), powerful eruptions spewing up to 10 million tons of the sun’s atmosphere into interplanetary space at speeds up to 1 million miles per hour


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #8 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in communication, definitions, distance, earth, imaging, orbit, power, satellite, stars, sun, teamwork, twins with no comments


24 March 2009

By analyzing data from optical satellite instruments such as ASTER (Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer) – an imaging device flying on the Terra satellite launched in 1999 – GLIMS (Global Land Ice Measurements from Space) monitors over 52,000 of Earth’s glaciers


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #7 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in communication, database, distance, earth, glaciers, imaging, observation, orbit, satellite, teamwork with no comments


17 March 2009

Leyte Geothermal Prodction Field, Philippines, made up of the 112.5 megawatt (MW) Tongonan Production Field, the 132.0MW Upper Mahiao Power Plant, the 232.0MW Malitbog Power Plant, the 180.0MW Mahanagdong “A” and “B” power plants, and 51.0MW optimization plants – the largest wet steam producing field in the world – generates electricity from geothermal sources to send to Cebu and Luzon, Philippines, via submarine cables


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #6 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in definitions, earth, electricity, energy, magma, philippines, power with no comments


10 March 2009

Profiling the Delta II “expendable space launch vehicle” in recognition of its 139th successful launch – carrying the Kepler planet-searching telescope into space from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station’s launch complex 17 pad 17-B on March 6, 2009, around 10:49pm


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #5 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in definitions, distance, observation, orbit, physics, power, rocket, teamwork, telescope, transport with no comments


3 March 2009

Diagramming Earth’s orbits: An investigation prompted by NASA’s NOAA-N Prime weather satellite reaching its polar orbit (2/6/09); the proliferation of orbital debris as two satellites collide in Low Earth Orbit (2/18/09); NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory’s failure to make orbit (2/24/09); and two launches – by Norway and Canada respectively – of new communications satellites into geostationary orbit (Thor 5, 2/11/09 and Telstar 11N, 2/26/09)


Monitoring the architecture of science #4

Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #4 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in communication, definitions, distance, orbit, physics, satellite, surveillance with 1 comment


24 February 2009

The National Ignition Facility (NIF) in Livermore, CA will use 192 focused and energy-amplified laser beams to create a mini-star for a fraction of a second, in hopes to generate useable energy


Monitoring the architecture of science #3

Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #3 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in earth, energy, laser, nuclear, physics, power, stars with 1 comment


17 February 2009

Seventeen radio telescopes jointly and simultaneously observe three quasars using the technical process of electronic real-time very long baseline interferometry (e-VLBI) for 33 hours on January 15-16 2009


Monitoring the architecture of science #2

Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #2 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in communication, distance, e-VLBI, observation, quasar, teamwork, telescope with 1 comment


10 February 2009

Celebrating the Hubble Space Telescope’s 102,716.58th orbit around the Earth, February 10 2009, 7:42AM


Click here to download Monitoring the architecture of science #1 as a high-res PDF.

Posted in distance, energy, observation, orbit, physics, satellite, telescope with no comments